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Hyperextension Injury of the Elbow

Brett Cascio, M.D.

Hyperextension Injury of the Elbow

Hyperextension Injury of the Elbow

What is Hyperextension Injury of the Elbow?

Hyperextension injury of the elbow is a condition that causes damage to the bones, ligaments, and other structures of the elbows. This damage is caused by bending the elbow backwards and out of its normal motion range. This can cause fractures or dislocation of the elbow.

What causes Hyperextension Injury of the Elbow?

When the elbow is bent the wrong way, it stretches or tears the ligaments, which can cause the bones in the elbow to collide. Athletic or other strenuous physical activities are the most common cause of hyperextension injuries. Attempting to stop a fall with an outstretched arm can also cause this condition.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Arm strength loss, muscle spasms, swelling, and pain during movement or while touching the elbow are symptoms of hyperextension injuries of the elbow. There may also be redness or blotchiness on the skin around the injured area. If the injury is very severe, deformity of the elbow and issues with circulation in the hand may occur. If your doctor observes these symptoms, you may be diagnosed with this condition.

How is Hyperextension Injury of the Elbow treated?

Treatment of this condition almost always start with conservative options. These usually include rest, cold compression, and immobilization of the elbow. Surgery may be required if the condition is very severe or does not respond to more conservative methods of treatment.

All information provided on this website is for information purposes only. Please see a healthcare professional for medical advice. If you are seeking this information in an emergency situation, please call 911 and seek emergency help.

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