CALL NOW (337) 508-1000

CALL NOW
(337) 508-1000

Ankle Sprains

Brett Cascio, M.D.

Ankle Sprains

Ankle Sprains

Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains happen when one or more ligaments in the ankle stretch or tear from suddenly bearing an unexpected force. This can happen if a person makes a sudden twisting motion, receives a blow to the ankle, or steps on an uneven surface. This condition is very common, and it occurs in all age groups and in athletes and non-athletes.

What causes an ankle sprain?

There are three types of ankle sprains: lateral inversion, medial eversion, and syndesmosis. Lateral inversion is the most common. This occurs when the foot rolls outward, which harms the lateral ligaments on the outside of the ankle. Medial eversion occurs when the foot rolls inward, harming the medial ligaments on the inside of the ankle. Syndesmosis occurs the least of all ankle sprains, but occurs most often in sports that involve contact, like football. Syndesmosis happens when the upper part of the ankle rolls inward while an internal rotation of the tibia occurs simultaneously.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Symptoms of ankle sprains vary according to the degree of the sprain. Mild pain, bruising, trouble walking, inflammation and tenderness are syptoms of a first degree sprain. A first degree sprain is diagnosed if one or more ligaments is stretched. There may be some fiber damage to the ligament, but this is the least severe sprain. A second degree sprain has symptoms of moderate pain and disability, inflammation, and bruising. A person with a second degree sprain is unable to bear weight. A second degree sprain is diagnosed if the ligaments are partially torn. A third degree sprain is the most severe, resulting in symptoms of severe pain, bruising, joint instability, swelling, and function loss. This occurs when the ligaments are completely torn.

How are ankle sprains treated?

The first line of treatment with ankle sprains is rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication can be used to ease swelling and pain. Your doctor may prescribe a method of immobilizing the affected area with a device like a cast or brace, depending on the extent of the injury. Rehabilitation exercises may be prescribed. Adherence by the patient to these exercises can determine the speed of recovery. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be needed to reconstruct the ligament.


All information provided on this website is for information purposes only. Please see a healthcare professional for medical advice. If you are seeking this information in an emergency situation, please call 911 and seek emergency help.

All materials copyright © 2021 VoxMD.com, All Rights Reserved.

Dr. Cascio, medical director of Sports Medicine at Lake Charles Memorial Hospital, specializes in Orthopedics and Sports Medicine.

 

 

About Us

Research

In the News

Media & Downloads

Contact Us

Shoulder pain is a common problem, and there can be many causes. A full diagnosis of your symptoms will help address the underlying problem.

 

 

Shoulder Anatomy

Shoulder Conditions

Shoulder Treatments

What is a Shoulder Surgeon?

Dr. Cascio will work with you to perform the necessary exams and tests to diagnose the source of your hip pain and then provide you with your options.

 

 

Hip Anatomy

Hip Conditions

Hip Treatments

What is a Hip Surgeon?

 

 

Knee pain is a common problem, and there can be many causes. Dr. Cascio treats knee pain and injury.

 

 

Knee Anatomy

Knee Conditions

Knee Treatments

What is a Knee Surgeon?

 

 

Elbow pain is a common problem, and there can be many causes. Dr. Cascio treats elbow pain and injury.

 

 

Elbow Anatomy

Elbow Conditions

Elbow Treatments

 

 

Ankle pain is a common problem, and there can be many causes. Dr. Cascio treats ankle pain and injury.

 

 

Foot & Ankle Anatomy

Foot & Ankle Conditions

Foot & Ankle Treatments

What is a Foot & Ankle Surgeon?

 

 

Worker’s Comp injuries need a doctor with the special training and experience to handle these complex problems. When you can’t work, the stress of life is compounded.   Dr. Cascio and his team have years of experience dealing with both the surgical and non-surgical treatment of on the job Injuries.

  Learn More